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Posted in Study Corner
Denial – Refuses to accept a painful reality, pretending as if it doesn’t exist.
Example – A man who snorts cocaine daily,is fired for attendance problems yet insists he doesn’t have a problem.
Displacement – Directing anger toward someone or onto another, less threatening (safer) substitute.
Example – An older employee is publicly embarrassed by a younger boss at work and angrily cuts a driver off on the way home.
Identification – Taking on attributes and characteristics of someone admired.
Example – A young man joins the police academy to become a policeman like his father, whom he respects.
Intellectualization – Excessive focus on logic and reason to avoid the feelings associated with a situation
Example – An executive who has cancer, requests all studies and blood work, and discusses in detail with her doctor, as if she were speaking about someone else
Projection – Attributing to others feelings unacceptable to self
Example – A group therapy client strongly dislikes another member but claims that it is the member who “dislikes her.”
Reaction Formation – Expressing an opposite feeling from what is actually felt and is considered undesirable.
Example – John, who despises Jeremy, greets him warmly and offers him food and beverages and special attention.
Sublimation – Redirecting unacceptable feelings or drives into an acceptable channel.
Example – A mother of a child killed in a drive-by shooting becomes involved in legislative change for gun laws and gun violence.
Undoing – Ritualistically negating or undoing intolerable feelings/ thoughts.
Example – A man who has thoughts that his father will die must step on sidewalk cracks to prevent this and cannot miss a crack.
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|Areas of brain and related functions|
3. Tissue thromboplastin
4. Calcium Ions
5. Labile factor
7. Stable factor
8. Antihemophilic factor
9. Christmas factor
10 Stuart Prower factor
12. Hageman Factor
13. Fibrin stabilising factor
Now here comes the mnemonic by taking first letter of every factor in order ie “Freshers Party Tonight, Come Lets Sing And Call Seniors, Please Have Fun“…..Hopes it is useful
For remembering the factor causing Hemophilia A remember A as AIGHT ie 8 ie Factor 8
Courtesy : Medicowesome blog
Posted in Study Corner
National Emblem – Adaptation of Sarnath Lion capital of Ashoka. In the original, there are four lions, standing back to back, mounted on an abacus with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus.
National Flower – Lotus (Nelumbo Lucifera)
National Flag – Tricholour flag with Saffron on top, White in middle and Dark Green at bottom. Width to length ratio of the flag should be 2: 3
National bird – Indian Peacock (Pavo Cristatus)
National Animal – Tiger (Panthera Tigris)
National Calendar – Saka Era adopted on 22 March 1957. For official purposes – Gregorian Calendar
National Anthem – Jana Gana Mana written by Rabindranath Tagore. Adopted by constituent assembly on January 24, 1950. First sung on 27 December 1911 in Calcutta Session of INC
National Song – Vandemataram written in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterjee
Nobel prize for literature – Alice Munroe – Master of contemporary short stories
Nobel prize for Peace – Organisation for the prohibition of Chemical weapons
Sarswati Samman – Govind Mishra for Dhool Paudho Par
Templeton prize – Thomas Halik
Gandhi Peace prize – Chandi Prasad Bhatt
Vyas Samman – Vishwanath Tripathi 2014
Sachin Tendulkar and CNR Rao – Bharat Ratna
Honoured by house of commons, london – Karina kapoor
Mother Teresa International award for social justice – Sushmita Sen
Honoroury Canadaian Citizenship – Malala Yousafzal
Man booker prize – Eleanor Cantton 2014 – youngest to recieve Man Booker prize ever
Inaugral Allard Prize – Anna Hazare
Dada Saheb Falke academy Award – Yash Chopra
Dada saheb falke award – Pran
Grammy Life time achievment award – Pandit Ravi shankar
Humanitarian achievement award – Nelson Mandela
Sree Narayana Guru Peace award – Sashi Tharoor
Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award – Ronjon Sodhi
UN public service award – Ooman Chandy
The specific action of antibiotics on different pathogens are given in detail in the following post – click here
The name of bones are frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital bones.
The sutures separating frontal bone and the parietal bone is the coronal suture
The sutures separating two parietal bones is the sagittal suture
The suture separating the parietal bones from the occipital bones is the lambdoid sutures
The suture separating the frontal and parietal bone from the temporal bones is called the squamous suture
Posted in Study Corner
1. ACE1 inhibitor or Angiotensin Agonists – Prevents conversion of Angiotensinogen to angiotensin 1, hence decrease aldosterone and increase excretion of sodium and water – Eg. all -PRILS viz Captopril, Enalapril etc.—–Side Effects – CAPTOPRIL Side Effect Mnemonic: Cough, Angioedema, Proteinuria, Taste changes, Orthostatic hypotension (or hypotension), Pregnancy problems , Rash, Increased renin & lower angiotensin II & Lytes (for the electro-lyte disturbance of hyperkalemia)
2. Calcium Channel Blockers – Increase realxation of vascular smooth muscles of coronary arteries and arterioles- eg. Amlodipine ie all -INES —— Side effects —-Bradycardia and Peripheral edema
3. ACE 2 inhibitors or Angiotensin 2 receptor antogonists – Prevents conversion of Angiotensin 1 to Angiotensin 2 , hence decrease vasoconstriction and decrease prodn of aldosterone – eg. all -ARTANS viz. Losartan etc—–Side Effects –Nephrotoxic, Facial swelling, angioedema,
4. Beta blockers (Selective) – Blocks stimulation of beta 1 aderenergic receptors eg. Metaprolol etc —-Side effects —Increase DM in Diabetic patients, bradycardia, pulmonary edema, impotence
5. Beta blockers (Non Selective) – Blocks stimulation of Both Beta 1and Beta 2 adrenergic receptors eg. Proponolol—-Side effect – Pulmonary edema, Bradycardia
6. Centrally acting antiadrenergics – Stimulate alpha 2 adrenergic receptors to decrease sympthetic outflow eg. Methyl dopa —–Side effect–Dizziness, weakness, dry mouth, constipation; may cause impotence